In September 2021, the Chongqing Municipal Education Commission issued the “Measures for Strengthening and Improving School Aesthetic Education in the New Era in Chongqing,” which sets requirements for the frequency, curriculum, and school conditions of physical and aesthetic education in schools throughout Chongqing.
By 2035, a diversified, modern, and high-quality school physical education system, and a modern school aesthetic education system with distinct Chinese characteristics will be basically in place.
Different requirements are set for aesthetic education at different stages. Primary schools should have no less than 4 aesthetic education lessons per week, mainly focusing on music and art. Middle schools should have no less than 2 aesthetic education lessons per week, also mainly focusing on music and art. In ordinary high schools, students must get 3 credits for both compulsory aesthetic education courses, which respectively emphasize music and art. Vocational schools should incorporate aesthetic education courses into their compulsory basic curriculum, with no less than 72 lessons. Undergraduate and higher vocational colleges should include general aesthetic education courses, public art courses, professional aesthetics courses, and extracurricular activities in their training programs and credit management, with no less than 2 credits. Universities and research institutes are encouraged to include aesthetics, art courses, and social practices of aesthetic education in the curriculum and credit system for graduate education. In terms of textbooks, it is required that aesthetic education textbooks for primary and secondary schools be included in the scope of student textbook provision, to ensure that each student can have one.
In terms of teachers, a three-year action plan for the allocation of aesthetic education teachers in Chongqing is formulated to better solve the shortage of aesthetic teachers, and efforts will be made to meet the national requirements by 2022. Measures such as volunteer teaching programs and internship programs of art education majors will be taken to alleviate the shortage.
The “Measures for Aesthetic Education” encourage available districts and counties to open theaters, concert halls, galleries, calligraphy museums, museums, exhibition halls, and other venues free of charge or at discounted rates to schools. Districts and counties, as well as schools are also encouraged to make use of internal and external resources to provide aesthetic education to address the after-school issue.
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